Dec 13 , 2016

Everything about Immunisation – from The Baby Club

Today’s email brought to you by TheBabyClub

 

Everything about IMMUNISATION 

It’s time for Immunisations and you are probably feeling a little uncomfortable about someone sticking needles into your baby, but it is important to understand what is being given and why.

Why are Babies Immunised?

A vaccine helps your baby’s blood to produce antibodies (disease fighting blood cells) to protect his/her little body from many future diseases that he/she might come in contact with.

When given an immunisation, your baby is given a weakened form of a disease that will not affect him/her in any way, but will help his/her body produce antibodies as if it were the actual disease.  This means that your baby will either not contract that disease at all or if so, then only contract it in a very mild form.  This has helped save many lives over many years.  

 

 
What happens during an immunisation?

When you arrive, you will be asked to hold your baby close to you while keeping his arm or leg still.  

Your nurse will do this if you, do not want to. The injections are given with a small needle into the upper arm or thigh.  Your baby might cry for a few minutes and then settle.  

 

Tell the nurse on the day if your baby:

  • Has a higher than normal temperature 
  • Had a bad reaction to any previous immunisations
  • Has any problem with bleeding
  • Has ever had a fit or convulsion
  • Any member of your family is taking medication which affects the immune system e.g medication for cancer 
  • Any member of your family has an illness that affects the immune system E.g. HIV or Aids.  

 

After the immunisation

Your baby may be a bit irritable or feverish, and could have a reddening where the injection has been given.  You can give your baby a suitable fever-reducing medicine to lower the temperature and to soothe any existing discomfort.  A medicine syringe (without the needle!) is sometimes the easiest way to give your baby medication.  

 

Never give your baby aspirin!

 

If your baby develops a high temperature of over 38 °C or has a fit, consult your doctor immediately.  Follow your insitncts if you think your baby is having a severe reaction.  

 

 

 

 

 

 NATIONAL ROUTINE IMMUNISATION SCHEDULE

Age of child                Which Vaccines How and where is it given

BIRTH BCG (vaccine against TB)

Polio

Injection in upper right arm

Drops by mouth

6 WEEKS Polio vaccine

DTP* vaccine

Hib***vaccine

Hepatitis B vaccine

Drops by mouth

Injection in left thigh

Injection in left thigh

Injection in right thigh

10 WEEKS Polio vaccine

DTP* vaccine

Hib*** vaccine

Hepatitis B vaccine

Drops by mouth

Injection in left thigh

Injection in left thigh

Injection in right thigh

14 WEEKS Polio vaccine

DTP* vaccine

Hib*** vaccine

Hepatitis B vaccine

Drops by mouth

Injection in left thigh

Injection in left thigh

Injection in right thigh

9 MONTHS Measles vaccine Injection in right thigh
18 MONTHS Polio vaccine

DTP* vaccine

Measles vaccine

Drops by mouth

Injection in left arm

Injection in right arm

6 YEARS Polio vaccine

Td**  vaccine

Drops by mouth

Injection in left arm

12 YEARS Tetanus, Diphtheria (reduced amount)

*The Rotavirus vaccine should NOT be

administered after 24 weeks (6months).

DTP* = vaccine against diptheria, whooping cough and tetanus (lock-jaw)

Td** = vaccine against diphteria and tetanus only

Hib*** = vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae type b

All the above vaccines are available at state and private clinics.

Pink or Blue after just eight weeks

Pregnant women now have an additional 8 weeks to plan their baby rooms after local molecular technology firm DNAlysis Biotechnology launched a test that can accurately determine foetal gender from 8 weeks.  “It’s becoming increasingly attractive and acceptable to know the gender of one’s baby before birth because people understand that the pressures of modern life make planning ahead not only desirable but essential,” said Dr. Meyersfeld.

 

Don’t forget our panel of experts,

 If you have any questions about pregnancy, birthing, babies, parenting & babies please ASK THE EXPERTS ITS FREE!

 

The post Everything about Immunisation – from The Baby Club appeared on 4aKid.
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